Frequently Asked Questions
Some cybersecurity-related terms may be unknown to you. And since the landscape of cyber threats and solutions changes over time, here are some FAQs.
What's the difference between malware & ransomware?
Ransomware is a form of malware. So, if we wanted to give definitions for the two cyber viruses, we would say that malware is the short term for malicious software designed to disrupt, hack, and damage devices. Being one form of malware, ransomware keeps you from having access to your system/files until a ransom is paid to its creator.
Which are the most common phishing scams?
Phishing is one of the most common cyber-attacks and is defined as a way to get individuals to reveal credit card numbers, passwords, and other valuable personal information. Most phishing scams are done via emails sent to many people. The attackers pretend to be a legit organization and ask individuals to reveal personal information, download an attachment or click a link. Spear phishing is a scam aimed at one particular person. The attackers already know a few things about this specific individual and take advantage of the individual's position or job title to gain money, information, etc. Whaling is phishing attacks aimed at senior executives with the purpose of obtaining information about employees and sending them fraudulent messages or gaining by authorizing fraudulent financial transfers. The latest phishing attacks involve phone calls and are known as vishing or texts and are known as smishing.
How do I know I've been hacked?
Here's a list of signs that you have been hacked. • Internet searches are redirected • Random and frequent pop-ups • Ransomware messages • Fake antivirus messages • Unwanted browser toolbars • Online password problems • Having friends getting social media messages you didn’t send • Unexpected/unwanted software installs • Missing money from your online account • Disabled antivirus protection, registry editor, or task manager • Mouse pointer moving randomly • Leaked confidential data • Credentials are in a password dump • Weird network traffic patterns • Someone says you've been hacked
What's the best way to avoid cyber-attacks?
• Keep all the operating systems and software applications up to date • Train & educate your employees • Don't share personal information online • Create strong passwords and multiple levels of verification • Never click links or open attachments before you triple check • Be suspicious of messages that are too good to be true • Prefer biometrics and avoid sharing passwords/PINs • Never share financial information • Use antivirus protection and firewalls • Back up your files in an encrypted file • Double check emails for typos, anything strange about the message or name or the email address • Check your online accounts regularly
Which are the most common cyber security threats?
• Phishing attacks • Malware • Social engineering • Ransomware • Password theft • SQL injection • Cross-site attack • Man-in-the-Middle attack • Crypto-jacking • Trojan virus
What is data breach?
A data breach happens when information is taken or stolen from a specific system without the owner's knowledge or authorization. Some examples of a data breach would include the theft of USB drives, hard copy notes, or devices. Or when an unauthorized individual gains access to a computer network, email account, or laptop.
Which are the most critical cybersecurity threats now?
• Phishing attacks • Social engineering • Crypto-currency-related attacks • Identity fraud • Third party exposure • Ransomware
Which is the most effective way to respond to incidents?
It's crucial that you move fast and put your incident response plan into action. This plan should be created beforehand so that you will be prepared to handle cyberattacks. If you haven't such a plan, you need to swiftly hire a cyber security solutions team to identify the form, source, and cause of the attack. There's a forensic investigation to find evidence of the cyberattack and keep it intact, steps needed to prevent further data loss, and ways to remedy the problem.
Which is your main goal as a cyber solutions company?
Lupi's goal is to protect individuals, companies, and organizations by raising cybersecurity awareness and offering services to prevent and handle cyberattacks.
Do you have more questions about the possible cyber security risks and more importantly about cyber security solutions? Why don't you ask us?